Publication Checklist

Please use this Publication Checklist when writing about HealthMeasures in publications and presentations. Checklist categories include measure details, administration, scoring, and reporting.  Access the Publication Checklist here>>

  • Name the measurement system.
    • The first mention of PROMIS should include its full name: “Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS).” Subsequent sentences should use “PROMIS.”
    • The first mention of Neuro-QoL should include its full name: “Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QoL)”
    • The first mention of ASCQ-Me® should include its full name: “Adult Sickle Cell Quality of Life Measurement Information System (ASCQ-Me).” Subsequent sentences should use “ASCQ-Me.”
    • The first mention of NIH Toolbox should include its full name: “NIH Toolbox® for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIH Toolbox)” Subsequent sentences can abbreviate NIH Toolbox as NIHTB.
  • Report the official measure name. For PROMIS, Neuro-QoL, and ASCQ-Me, the measure name includes the following components:
    • Measure type (i.e., short form, computer adaptive test (CAT), profile (collection of short forms), scale, uncalibrated item pool)
      • Note that in some data collection systems, measure are labeled as “item banks.” If the item bank was administered as a computer adaptive test, please refer to the measure as a CAT
    • For short forms, the number of items and letter designation if it exists (e.g., Depression 4a)
    • For custom short forms, include how items were selected, the item bank from which items were selected, and the number of items used
  • Version number (e.g., v1.2)
  • Full domain name (e.g., Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities). You can find the full domain name on the List of Measures pages.
  • Include “Pediatric,” “Early Childhood Parent-Report,” or “Parent Proxy” if appropriate
  • Examples
    • PROMIS Short Form v1.0 – Pain Interference 6b
    • PROMIS Pediatric CAT v1.0 – Fatigue
    • PROMIS-29 Profile v2.0
    • PROMIS Scale v1.2 - Global Health
    • Neuro-QoL Short Form v1.0 – Stigma
    • Neuro-QoL CAT v1.0 – Fatigue
    • ASCQ-Me Pain Impact CAT v2.0
  • For NIH Toolbox, refer to the NIH Toolbox Administration Manual for the official measure name.
  • Specific PROMIS measure names can be found in each measure’s scoring manual on the HealthMeasures website here.

Use T-scores

  • All PROMIS, Neuro-QoL, and ASCQ-Me (other than Medical History Checklist) scores should be presented as T-scores. The T-score is the standardized score with a mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10. Raw scores should only be reported for uncalibrated items (i.e., item pools). Having T-scores in publications facilitates comparisons between studies.
    • Percentiles can be included as additional but not replacement information.
    • Higher scores indicate more of the concept being measured. Sometimes this is desirable (e.g., physical function) and sometimes this is undesirable (e.g., fatigue). Do not reverse the score (e.g., high always indicates bad).
    • ASCQ-Me scores vary with direction and the concept being measured. For example, high Pain Episodes scores indicate worse health whereas high Emotional Impact scores indicate better health. Please see the definition of individual ASCQ-Me domains for more information>> 
      • We recommend utilizing graphs with two Y-axes when presenting symptoms (high scores are not desirable) and function (high scores are desirable) together. Here are examples:

Multiple Neuro-QoL T-scores

double y axis graph for Neuro QoL

Multiple ASCQ-Me T-scores

double y axis graph ASCQMe

  • NIH Toolbox tests of function (Cognition, Sensation, Motor) have four types of scores: Raw scores (or Theta scores for CAT measures), Uncorrected Standard Scores, Age-Corrected Standard Scores, and Fully Corrected T-Scores. NIH Toolbox Emotion measures use T-scores. Indicate the type of scores you are reporting.
  • There are multiple ways to calculate HealthMeasures T-scores (e.g., HealthMeasures Scoring Service, Scoring Manual, automatic scoring in an administration). Learn more about your options at Calculate Scores>>
  • Sometimes the syntax of a HealthMeasure item or measure was modified. Any modifications to the syntax including time frame, item text, and response options should be described.
  • PROMIS measures were developed to be completed by self-report (adult and pediatrics age 8+) or by parent proxy report. If another method was used (e.g., interview administered, proxy report for an adult), include a description.
  • The HealthMeasures team in collaboration with the PROMIS Health Organization have provided more detail about modifying item text. Make New PROMIS Measures>>
  • If you would like to reprint a HealthMeasure in a publication, you must have written permission. All requests can be emailed to Note that translated PROMIS items cannot be reprinted except when used as examples in the narrative.

For more information, see:
Hanmer, J., Jensen, R.E. & Rothrock, N. A reporting checklist for HealthMeasures’ patient-reported outcomes: ASCQ-Me, Neuro-QoL, NIH Toolbox, and PROMIS. J Patient Rep Outcomes 4, 21 (2020).


Last updated on 4/9/2024